3. 开头和结尾已为你写好， 但不计入总词数。
参考词汇：特产local special products
I’m glad to know you are interested in Chinese local special products, _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Looking forward to meeting you in the USA.
Mr Li is my head teacher. He is now in his thirty and has been teaching in almost ten years. He has much knowledges and his teaching method is scientific. That he teaches us in class leaves a deep impression on us . All of us have learned a lot. Not only he strict but also he is kind and patiently. We often make mistakes, and he seldom blames us and just gave his encouragement to us. With his help , we have made a great progress. As a result, he is popular with our students. We all love him.
Apart from the mental relief of people’s mind, another major aspect of Taoist influence on Chinese culture 1.(be) its influence on martial arts.
Wudang martial arts based on the Taoist ideology2. (create) by one of the most famous Taoists, 3.(name) Zhang Sanfeng in the early years of the Ming Dynasty. Wudang martial arts are a great contribution 4. Wudang Taoism, which is 5. famous branch of Chinese Taoism. Taoism holds that there are basic, everlasting and supernatural principles in the earth 6. are called “Tao”, suggesting softness,7.(quiet), emptiness and harmony. All these can be presented by tai chi, yin and yang, the five elements and the eight diagrams tactics（八卦图）. Under the direction of these philosophical 8. (theory), this kung fu style gains good effects in the boxing and sword skills.
Despite the mighty skills, 9.(advocate) peace is the essence of Wudang martial arts. The Taoist ideology teaches that war is immoral and 10.(fair). Accordingly, Taoism believes that kung fu is learned for protection but not destruction.
Every act of kindness starts with something small, something we all can—and should—do every single day. I'm Will Ruhio, one of the______of BYUTV's Random Acts show. We take hidden cameras to unexpected places to________random acts of kindness. We've filmed acts______from building disabled-friendly facilities for those who are badly______them but can't afford them to returning a lost wallet.
On Random Acts, it may be a neighbor or a colleague who recognizes a need and______an incredible chain reaction of service._______the story of Emmalene Meyers for example. Like many young girls, Emmalene was______to be a ballet dancer but her physical disability makes even everyday tasks a(n)_______. Instead of seeing a limitation, Emmalene's friend Lily_______an opportunity. Lily imagined Emmalene's dream being brought to life onstage and persuaded Random Acts to help make her plan_______.
So, where can you start? The key is to be like Lily: look for an opportunity to make a_______to those in need, and then take action to make it happen. Being_______and involved in service is _______like any other goal you want to achieve. You have to______it.
After two seasons of hosting Random Acts, the joy of______burdens and brightening lives doesn't fade. I sometimes______Random Acts might lose its feature eventually, but that couldn't be further from the______.When I finally meet the people we've been working to______and see their genuine shock and appreciation, it______me in the feel every time. I cry more than anyone else on the show.
Be that person doing acts of kindness out of the______of your heart and be the nice you want to see in the world!
1.A. actors B. directors C. viewers D. hosts
2.A. expose B. conduct C. arrange D. advocate
3.A. changing B. counting C. ranging D. transforming
4.A. in search of B. in need of C. in defense of D. in favor of
5.A. sets off B. sets aside C. sets down D. sets out
6.A. Retell B. Take C. Create D. Explain
7.A. anxious B. proud C. afraid D. unwilling
8.A. exception B. dilemma C. competition D. challenge
9.A. provided B. seized C. spotted D. missed
10.A. successful B. acceptable C. reasonable D. available
11.A. choice B. difference C. promise D. decision
12.A. generous B. caring C. ambitious D. sociable
13.A. never B. even C. still D. just
14.A. put up with B. make up for C. work at D. take to
15.A. bearing B. carrying C. reducing D. overcoming
16.A. admit B. realize C. remember D. assume
17.A. truth B. deadline C. destination D. boundary
18.A. accompany B. surprise C. locate D. please
19.A. refreshes B. inspires C. hits D. satisfies
20.A. goodness B. curiosity C. faith D. whisper
Imagine that you are an actor performing in a play for the first time. You have learned all your lines and you know where to walk on stage. Waiting behind the closed curtain, you can hear the audience whispering and taking their seats.
Then your big moment arrives! The curtain goes up, and the crowd falls silent. All you can see is the spotlight shining down on you. 1. The inside of your mouth is dry, and your hands are wet.
If you have experienced a moment like this, you know all too well what it means to have stage fright. It is one of the most common types of fear and tends to strike people when they find themselves at the center of attention. 2. People experience this fear when playing sports, giving a presentation, or even speaking in class. A person who suffers from stage fright may get sweaty hands, a dry mouth, a tight throat, or shaky knees. Stage fright is actually a form of panic, and these feelings are very real.
3.The experience differs from person to person, but the same chemical process occurs in each of us. In reaction to anxiety, our bodies produce a chemical that prepares us to either fight or run away quickly. Scientists refer to this as our bodies’ “fight or flight” reaction. As a result, we feel great energy that makes our hands sweat, our hearts race, and our knees shake.
4. Practicing your performance and following some simple tips can help calm nerves and manage the feelings caused by anxiety. First, dress comfortably and appropriately. Second, before the performance, take deep breaths and stretch to help relax your body. Third, stay away from drinks that contain caffeine. 5. Instead, try a banana! Some doctors believe that eating a banana can help calm your heart and the rest of your body. Finally, when you look into a crowd, try to focus on particular people instead of the whole group. These tips have helped many people learn to deal with their fears.
A. These might make your heart race even faster.
B. You don’t have to be onstage to get stage fright.
C. Stage fright is part of the body’s reaction to stress.
D. You try to speak your lines, but nothing seems to come out.
E. With practice, we can learn how to relax while playing sports.
F. The good news about stage fright is that here are ways to deal with it.
G. However, there is a time when stage fright prevents you from stepping onstage.
Skeptics are strange a lot. Some of them refuse to admit the serious threat of human activities to the environment and they are tired of people who disagree with them. Those people, say skeptics, spread nothing but bad news about the environment. The "eco-guilt" brought on by the discouraging news about our planet gives rise to the popularity of skeptics as people search for more comforting worldviews.
Perhaps that explains why a new book by Bjorn Lomborg received so much publicity. That book, The Skeptical Environmentalist, declares that it measures the "real state of the world" as fine. Of course, another explanation is the deep pockets of some big businesses with special interests. Indeed, Mr. Lomborg's views are similar to those of some industry-funded organizations, which start huge activities through the media to confuse the public about issues like global warming.
So it was strange to see Mr. Lomborg's book go largely unchallenged in the media though his beliefs were contrary to most scientific opinions. One national newspaper in Canada ran a number of articles and reviews full of words of praise, even with the conclusion that "After Lomborg, the environmental movement will begin to die down."
Such one-sided views should have immediately been challenged. But only a different review appeared in Nature, a respected science magazine with specific readership. The review remarked that Mr. Lomborg's "preference for unexamined materials is incredible".
A critical eye is valuable, and the media should present information in such a way that could allow people to make informed decisions. Unfortunately, that is often inaccessible as blocked by the desire to be shocking or to defend some special interest. People might become half-blind before a world partially exhibited by the media. That's a shame, because matters concerning the health of the planet are far too important to be treated lightly.
1.According to the passage, which of the following may be regarded as "skeptics"?
A. People who agree on the popularity of "eco-guilt".
B. People who dislike the harmful effect of human activities.
C. People who disbelieve the serious situation of our planet.
D. People who spread comforting news to protect our environment.
2.Which of the following can be a reason for the popularity of Lomborg's books?
A. The book challenges views about the fine state of the world.
B. Some big businesses intend to protect their own interests.
C. The author convinces people to speak comforting worldviews.
D. Industry–funded media present confusing information.
3.The author mentioned the review in Nature in order to_________.
A. find fault with Lomborg's book
B. voice a different opinion
C. challenge the authority of the media
D. point out the value of scientific views
4.What is the author's main purpose in writing the passage?
A. To show the importance of presenting overall information by the media.
B. To warn the public of the danger of half–blindness with reviews.
C. To blame the media's lack of responsibility in information.
D. To encourage the skeptics to have a critical eye.
For environmental reasons, Britain will ban all new petro-and diesel-powered vehicles from its roads beginning in 23 years, a government report says.
The plan, expected Wednesday, aims to start removing petrol and diesel engines in 2040. It follows a similar official statement in France and comes after the British government was ordered by the High Court to develop new plans to reduce NO2 in the air. Judges ruled that previous clean-air plans were not enough to meet European Union pollution limits in the coming years.
Britain’s government has said the poor air quality has an unnecessary and avoidable negative effect on citizens’ health, and costs up to $ 3.5 billion in annual lost productivity.
Part of the new plan involves an offer of $ 260 million to local governments to change rules where vehicle emissions(排放) are over EU standards. Ideas so far include changing road layouts, reprogramming traffic lights and charging a fee for the oldest and most polluting cars on the road.
The plan also includes $1.3 billion for government purchase of extreme-low-emission vehicles, nearly $ 130 million to improve infrastructure for electric vehicle charging stations and $ 378 million for remodeling existing vehicles.
Climate change is also a reason for the plan to get these vehicles off the road. “We can’t carry on with petrol and diesel cars,” Environment Secretary Michael Gove said. “It’s important we all prepare for a significant change which deals not just with the problems of health caused by emissions, but the broader problems caused in terms of accelerating climate change.”
Gove added that local communities are partly responsible for coming up with ways to limit emissions, including possible limitations on commuters(上下班往返者) and the addition of cleaner mass transportation options. Local leaders are called on to draw up “appropriate plans” to deal with climate challenges related to emission, he said.
1.Why does the British government decide on this ban?
A. To focus on its citizens’ health. B. To follow in France’s footsteps.
C. To promote solar energy in transport. D. To respond to the court’s request.
2.Which measure may the British government take to achieve its plan?
A. Changing the way roads are arranged. B. Removing old and high-emission vehicles.
C. Spending some money on electric vehicles. D. Limiting the number of traffic lights.
3.What can be inferred from Gove’s words?
A. Convenient public transportation is badly needed.
B. United efforts are required to achieve the plan.
C. Vehicle emissions are the key factor in climate change.
D. Petrol and diesel cars may hold back economic progress.
4.What is the suitable title for this passage?
A. Practical ways to reduce vehicle emissions
B. Britain plans to take petrol and diesel engines off roads
C. The EU forces Britain to improve the poor air quality
D. Relationship between vehicle emissions and climate change
On November 7, Lewis Pugh completed a one-kilometer swim in the freezing waters of King Edward Cove, off South Georgia in Antarctica. He was wearing only his swimming glasses, cap and speedos!
Pugh is an advocate for our oceans and seas, working to protect these ecosystem with their large diversity of marine life. When asked why he doesn’t wear a wetsuit, Lewis says, “I ask world leaders to do everything they can to protect our oceans. Sometimes the steps they need to take are difficult and unpopular. If I’m asking them to be courageous, I must also be. Swimming in a wetsuit would not send the right message.”
It took Pugh about 19 minutes to complete the one-kilometer swim in Antarctica where the water averaged about 1.6 degrees Celsius . He says that his body can only tolerate about 20 minutes in the freezing waters before it starts shutting down. As he swims, his body temperature steadily drops, which in turn causes his muscle control to drop, slowing him down. When he is done with his swim, his support team rushes him to a hot shower and it takes almost an hour for his body temperature to return to normal.
Doctors and Pugh caution that one must receive months of training to swim in such cold waters. Even expert swimmers who are unused to freezing water can drown within minutes because of the physical shock experienced by the body. Pugh says he trained for six months before this swim.
This is not the first time that Lewis has swum in dangerous conditions. In 2007, he swam one kilometer in the North Pole to draw attention to the melting Arctic ice due to climate change. In 2015, he swam in the Bay of Whales in Antarctica’s Ross Sea as part of his successful campaign to help set up a marine reserve there.
1.Why did Lewis Pugh swim without a wetsuit?
A. To swim faster. B. To show his bravery.
C. To build up his body. D. To win public attention.
2.What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 3 refer to?
A. His body. B. The water.
C. His body temperature. D. The water temperature.
3.What’s Pugh’s advice about swimming in freezing waters?
A. One must be fully prepared.
B. One should be expert at swimming.
C. One should be ready to take on challenges.
D. One must be used to long-distance swimming.
4.What may be the best title for the text?
A. Lewis Pugh: swimming for a cause
B. How to survive a swim in cold waters
C. How to prepare for extreme swimming
D. Lewis Pugh: achieving the impossible
It may seem hard to leave Sydney’s attractions and sights, but when the urge arises to explore beyond the city, many exceptional day trips await travelers.
On a visit to the World heritage-listed Blue Mountains, enjoy clean fresh air and breath-taking landscapes of ancient rainforests. Scenic World in Katoomba is the best way to access the beauty of this region. Besides climbing, you can choose cablecars, elevated boardwalks or the Scenic Railway—the world’s steepest train travelling through a rock tunnel, to reach the mountain top.
Royal National Park
Established in 1879, the Royal is the world’s second-oldest national park. Located an hour’s drive south of Sydney, the beaches are unspoilt, crowd-free and great for surfing or swimming. There’s dramatic scenery along the way with a range of unique heritage attractions. Bushwalking, boating, canoeing and fishing are also popular activities.
Featherdale Wildlife Park
Located 45 minutes west of Sydney, Featherdale has the world’s largest collection of Australian native birds, mammals (哺乳动物) and reptiles (爬行动物). Situated in a bushland environment, Featherdale provides a unique opportunity for up-close animal interactions (交往). Hand-feed a kangaroo, have breakfast with a koala and check out a huge variety of species including dingos, emus, penguins and more.
The Hawkesbury River
An hour north-west of Sydney, the Hawkesbury is one of New South Wales’ best-kept secrets. Experience what this picturesque region of waterways, farmland and national parks has to offer—from waterskiing and bushwalking to horse riding, river cruises and retail therapy.
1.What can you do when visiting Scenic World?
A. Ride horses.
B. Hand-feed a kangaroo.
C. Go surfing.
D. Climb mountains.
2.If you are an animal lover, you can go to ________.
A. Scenic World
B. Royal National Park
C. The Hawkesbury River
D. Featherdale Wildlife Park
3.What do Royal National Park and The Hawkesbury River have in common?
A. Both can be reached by cablecars.
B. Visitors can go swimming and fishing.
C. Bushwalking is available on the two trips.
D. Visitors can enjoy beautiful mountain scenery.
1.What percentage of the world’s tea exports go to Britain?
A. Almost 15%. B. About 30%. C. Over 40%.
2.Why do tea tasters taste tea with milk?
A. Most British people drink tea that way.
B. Tea tastes much better with milk.
C. Tea with milk is healthy.
3.Who suggests a price for each tea?
A. Tea tasters. B. Tea exporters. C. Tea companies.
4.What is the speaker talking about?
A. The life of tea tasters. B. Afternoon tea in Britain. C. The London Tea Trade Centre.
1.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Salesperson and customer. B. Homeowner and cleaner. C. Husband and wife.
2.What kind of apartment do the speakers prefer?
A. One with two bedrooms. B. One without furniture. C. One near market.
3.How much rent should one pay for the one-bedroom apartment?
A. $350. B. $400. C. $415.
4.Where is the apartment the speakers would like to see?
A. On Lake Street. B. On Market Street. C. On South Street.
1.Where are the speakers?
A. In a hospital. B. In the office. C. At home.
2.When is the report due?
A. Thursday. B. Friday. C. Next Monday.
3.What does George suggest Stephanie do with the report?
A. Improve it. B. Hand it in later. C. Leave it with him.
1.What food does Sally like?
A. Chicken. B. Fish. C. Eggs.
2.What are the speakers going to do?
A. Cook dinner. B. Go shopping. C. Order dishes.
1.How long did Michael stay in China?
A. Five days. B. One week. C. Two weeks.
2.Where did Michael go last year?
A. Russia. B. Norway. C. India.
What does the woman want the man to do?
A. Speak louder. B. Apologize to her. C. Turn off the radio.
What is the woman’s opinion about the course?
A. Too hard. B. Worth taking. C. Very easy.
What will the man do?
A. Attend a meeting. B. Give a lecture. C. Leave his office.
What does the woman think of the weather?
A. It’s nice. B. It’s warm. C. It’s cold.
What time is it now?
A. 9:10. B. 9:50. C. 10:00.
1.How old was Richard?
A. 18. B. 19. C. 20.
2.Why did Richard’s mother advise him to get work at the bank?
A. Because his father worked in the bank.
B. because the bank was near to their house.
C. Because people in the bank get paid well.
3.What would Richard do before getting a job in the bank?
A. He would take an exam.
B. He would take a medical exam.
C. He would write his birthday first.
4.What date was Richard’s birthday?
A. July 12th. B. June 12th. C. July 20th.
1.What happened when the man was climbing the mountain?
A. He got trapped in a cave.
B. He got lost in bad weather.
C. He lost his equipment and food.
2.What caused the loss of the man’s legs?
A. Low temperature.
B. A bad fall on the mountain.
C. An unsuccessful operation.
3.What did the man decide to do after losing his legs?
A. Design new climbing shoes.
B. Set up a new club for the disabled.
C. Use technology to fight his disability.
1.Where does this conversation take place?
A. At a post office.
B. In a supermarket.
C. At a lost and found office.
2.How does the man want to send his package?
A. By airmail. B. By sea mail. C. By surface mail.
3.How much is the change?
A. $ 30. B. $ 25. C. $ 5.
What time does the drugstore close?
A. At 8:45. B. At 9:00. C. At 9: 15
Why are Jane and Jack still there?
A. The storm stopped them.
B. Yesterday they were too busy to leave.
C. They had no money.
How long will the woman wait?
A. 15 minutes. B. 30 minutes. C. One hour.
Who might the man be?
A. A visitor. B. A policeman. C. A postman.
Where are the two speakers?
A. At home. B. At school. C. At a flower shop.
注意: 1.词数不少于100词；2. 开头已给出，不计入总词数；3.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯；参考词汇:生态农场 ecological farm
It is my pleasure to write to you,
British bee keeper and musician Bioni Samp has found an unbelievable way to combine his two greatest passions. He records the frequencies of his bees and uses them to create original electronic musical compositions.
Bioni -- not his real name--- produces abstract music that is rhythmic and suitable for dancing to, but the Londoner has a higher goal than making people dance to it on the dance floor. He uses his unusual music to disseminate information and raise awareness about colony collapse disorder(CCD). Billions of bees are killed by CCD every year, and that’ s not counting the ones that die as a result of climate change and pesticide(杀虫剂) poisoning.
He feels that by using bees as a musical instrument he can get through to people more easily than by preaching (说教) to them about the bad situation of bees and the dangers their extinction brings to humans. "If I go around shouting about deforestation(采伐森林)， people quickly tire of that；it doesn't really connect with people, " Samp said. "So I worked around the idea of presenting something that has an underlying (潜在的) ecological message. It turned out that the message was successfully communicated in a way which interested people who love electronic music and computing.”
Originally from West Yorkshire, Bioni Samp has been enthusiastic about keeping bees since early childhood, but some years ago he discovered that bees were useful not just for producing honey, but also making electronic music.
Samp’s bee-generated music has been featured environmentally-conscious festivals and art galleries throughout Europe, and even in Canada. Bioni Samp was featured in the 360o BBC mini-documentary, “The Resistance of Honey", which the Raindance Film Festival nominated for Best VR Sound Design Experience.
Some film festivals rejected the documentary for some reason. Instead of focusing on the negative, however, Samp is carrying on with his work. He is almost done with a new album.
1.What are the two greatest passions of Bieni Samp?(no more than 5 words)
2.What's the meaning of the underlined word in Para. 2? (1 word)
3.What are threatening the survival of bees according to the passage?(no more than 10 words)
4.How is the way that Bioni Samp used to communicate an ecological message?(no more than 5 words )
5.What do you think of Bioni Samp? Please explain. (no more than 20 words)
The most typical definition of success is “the accomplishment of an aim or purpose” or what most of us have heard: the attainment of popularity or profit. But is success really defined by purposes or profit?
After graduating from high school, my family advised me to aim to build a successful career. My options were narrowed down to becoming a doctor or choosing a field in engineering. So I graduated with a chemical engineering degree. I was advised to aim for graduate (研究生的) studies, and in less than two years, I had a highly specialized degree in plastics engineering from one of the most reputable universities in the U.S. Then I found a corporate job, performed well in the organization, climbed up the ladder (晋升的阶梯) and made a bigger paycheque with every new title. My proud parents told my story to the rest of the family and friends as a “success” story.
No matter where we live in the world, we all have our own versions of success. Our families take pride in telling the world how successful we are in our profession, and often the only measure of that success becomes the financial wealth we accumulate. In a world where everything is reflected by numbers—the likes on Facebook, the number of views on You Tube, etc—every aspect of our life is being taken over by numbers. We are conditioned to believe that the stronger your financial standing, the higher you rank on the success chart. But remember the words “aim” or “purpose,” in the definition of success. Altruistic figures such as Mother Teresa, Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King Jr. also lived successful lives but had selfless concern over the well-being of others. While the rest of the world focused on accumulating wealth, they focused on giving, doing, and creating for everyone else.
Wealth alone never will be the measure of success. Think beyond profits. No promotion I ever received in my professional career was because of my deep desire to obtain a better title or higher pay; instead, it was based on the excellence I created in the experience our customers had with the organization.
1.What do you know about the author?
A. He has lived up to his family’s expectations.
B. He asks his parents for advice on everything.
C. He doesn’t like his job though he is well paid.
D. He wanted to be a doctor but became a chemical engineer.
2.What's the common awareness around the world?
A. Social connections. B. Contributions to society.
C. The accumulation of financial wealth. D. The accomplishment of personal dreams.
3.What does the underlined word “Altruistic” in Paragraph 3 mean?
A. Of abundant wealth.
B. Of few achievements.
C. Devoted to others’ welfare.
D. Focused on personal well-being.
4.What inspiration can be drawn from the author's working experience?
A. Change jobs frequently for higher pay.
B. Aim at providing quality service at work.
C. Take every chance to get promotion.
D. Focus on making profits from the customers.
5.What's the author’s purpose in writing this passage?
A. To explore the true meaning of success.
B. To express his inner voice to his parents.
C. To acknowledge the help he has received in his life.
D. To share his personal experience for others’ reference.